10th GMI Meeting: Genome Sequencing

The genomic epidemiological database for global identification of microorganisms or global identifier of microorganisms is a platform for storing whole genome sequencing (WGS) data of microorganisms, for the identification of relevant genes and for the comparison of genomes to detect outbreaks and emerging pathogens.

The database holds two types of information: 1) genomic information of microorganisms, linked to, 2) metadata of those microorganism such as epidemiological details. The database will include all genera of microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi.

In the era before WGS matured, scientists used different DNA profiling techniques, such as PCR, PFGE and MLST to genotype microorganisms for diagnostic sub-typing. However, in many cases scientists found that these pre-WGS techniques had major drawbacks such as difficulties in standardization between countries and between laboratories within countries. In addition, these pre-WGS techniques were often laborious and time consuming, required highly trained personnel and expensive equipment, and were in general relatively expensive. WGS overcomes many of these old problems.

This is achieved by feeding the WGS information of microbiological samples into a global genomic database, and comparing it via so-called BLAST procedures to the genomes in the database. The database then returns the sender with information on the microorganisms present in the sample, and important clinical and epidemiological information such as the global location of similar clones as well as treatment options.

In this way, the database approaches the unambiguous ‘Global Identifier’ for microorganisms that microbiologist always have looked for, and which makes personalized treatment possible as well as real-time systems for global surveillance of microorganisms general and infectious diseases in specific.

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To achieve this, the GMI working groups meet regularly from 2011. This time the 10th GMI Technical Meeting will be held in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur.

This GMI meeting is the first to be held in Latin America and is a great opportunity to expand GMI contacts in this region. The meeting represents the GMI unit towards a global debate on the future use of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) in support of Microbiology in the synergy of the food industry, public health and the combined environment.

The meeting is also an effort to reach out to scientists, regulators and relevant industries in developing countries to raise awareness about the potential benefits of Complete Genome Sequencing (WGS) in countries where public health and microbiological laboratories are developing rapidly.

For more information about GMI go to: http://www.globalmicrobialidentifier.org/

From the GMI Steering Committee we are pleased to invite you to the 10th. Technical Meeting of the Global Microbial Identifier (GMI), as well as to the forum “Technology of Sequencing of the Complete Genome and Fruit and Vegetable food safety: Pathogenic bacteria DNA tests and their meaning”, to be held consecutively, from 15 to 19 May 2017 , At the Sheraton Grand Hacienda del Mar in Cabo San Lucas.

For more information on the 10th Global Microbial Identifier (GMI) Technical Meeting, we invite you to visit http://www.globalmicrobialidentifier.org/News-and-Events/10th-Meeting-on-GMI; where all the information related to the event is available, as well as the material collected in previous editions.

If you are interested in the Forum “Technology of Sequencing of the Complete Genome and fruit and vegetable food safety: Pathogenic bacteria DNA tests and their meaning”, you can visit the website http://www.inoquotech.mx